Helpful Information


Below is a list of links that we have found to be helpful.

If you have questions, please do not hesitate to call our office at 617-431-4451.

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Cranial Osteopathy


Additional Information



  • Autobiography of A.T. Still¸ Philosophy of Osteopathy, Philosophy and Mechanical Principles of Osteopathy, and Osteopathy, Research and Practice: Books by Osteopathy’s founder A.T. Still, MD. Available from
  • Spontaneous Healing by Andrew Weil, MD. Chapter 2 of the book discusses his experiences with Osteopathy. More from Dr. Weil on Osteopathy is available on his website
  • Touch of Life by Robert Fulford, DO. A book for anyone wanting to understand more about Osteopathy from one of the greatest Osteopaths.
  • William M. Foley, George Pasqerello, Darren Rosenberg (2012). Orthopaedic Knowledge Update: Spine 4. Chapter 10, Osteopathic Maipulative Treatment. American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons
  • William M. Foley, Hugh Ettlinger, Gilbert D’Alonzo, Jane Carreiro (2010). Foundations of Osteopathic Medicine, 3rd Edition. Chapter 59, Difficulty Breathing. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.
  • Michael Weiting, William M. Foley (2010). Foundations of Osteopathic Medicine, 3rd Edition. Chapter 65, Adult with Myalgia. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.


  • Healing and the Natural World: An article covering an interview with Jim Jealous, DO in Alternative Therapies Vol 3:No 1 January 1997. Pg’s 68-75
  • Osteopathic Care of Children (PDF) An article by Donald V Hankinson, DO available on our website
  • The Osteopathy Alternative: An article in East West December 1990. Pg’s 45-49
  • On Becoming an Osteopath: An article covering an interview with Stefan Hagopian, DO in Alternative Therapies Vol 7:No 6  Nov/Dec 2001. Pg’s 85-91
  • Dr. Weil covers Osteopathy in general and in regard to specific medical problems on his website:
  • Foley WM (2008). Osteopathic Manipulative Treatment (OMT) in chronic pain. Worcester Medicine, 72/3, 8-9. Read the Article Online

Research – Articles



Back Pain

  • The New England Journal of Medicine, 1999; 341: 1426-1431. “A comparison of Osteopathic Spinal Manipulation with Standard Care for Patients with Low Back Pain,”  Anderson, Gunnar B.J. et al. Demonstrated significant benefit for patients receiving Osteopathic treatment
  • The Journal of the American Osteopathic Association, 2014: 114: 90-98. “OMT associated with reduced analgesic prescribing and fewer missed work days in patients with low back pain: an observational study,” Prinsen, JK et al. Demonstrated reduced use of pain medication in patients with low back pain who receive OMT
  • Boesler D et al (JAOA, 1993) demonstrated that OMT improved EMGs and back and menstrual pain.
  • Andersson GB et al (NEJM, 1999) did a randomized, controlled trial, showing OMT treated back pain as well as medication.
  • Burton AK et al (Eur Spine J, 1999) showed that OMT treated sciatica as well as injecting chemicals to dissolve herniated disks.
  • William NH et al (Fam Pract, 2003) demonstrated that a clinic providing OMT improved long-term spinal pain.
  • McReynolds TM & Sheridan BJ (JAOA, 2005) proved OMT was as effective as the drug ketorlac for treating spinal pain.
  • Degenhardt BF et al (JAOA, 2007) showed that OMT altered levels of back pain biomarkers.
  • Arienti C et al (Spinal Cord, 2011) showed that pain medication plus OMT treated back pain better than either medication or OMT alone.
  • Parker J et al (JAOA, 2012) compared OMT in well- and less-hydrated patients with back pain, and demonstrated that OMT works best when well-hydrated.
  • Vismara L et al (Man Ther, 2012) improved back pain in obese patients using OMT and an exercise regimen.
  • Schwerla F et al (Forsch Komplementmed, 2008 & J Altern Complement Med, 2013) used OMT to improve neck pain intensity, disability and overall quality of life.
  • Licciardone JC et al (Spine, 2003; Am J Obstet Gynecol, 2010; JAOA, 2012; JAOA 2013; Ann Fam Med, 2013 & Man Ther, 2013) did several well-designed studies, showing that OMT improves back pain and other symptoms among the general population, pregnant women, diabetics and depressed people both acutely and over time.
  • Vieira-Pellenz F et al (Arch Phys Med Rehabil, 2014) did a randomized controlled, double-blind trial, proving OMT improved pain in patients with degenerative disk disease.
  • Hensel KL et al (Am J Obstet Gynecol, 2014) did a randomized controlled trial of OMT and pregnancy and demonstrated reduced back pain and back-related function.

Respiratory Health

  • The Journal of the American Osteopathic Association, 2014: 114: 450-458. “Osteopathic Manipulative Treatment for Inpatients With Pulmonary Exacerbations of Cystic Fibrosis: Effects on Spirometry Findings and Patient Assessments of Breathing, Anxiety, and Pain,” Swender, David A. et al. Demonstrated improved patient perceptions of quality of breathing
  • Sleszynski SL & Kelso AF (JAOA, 1993) showed that OMT is as effective as or better than incentive spirometry (deep-breathing exercises) to improve lung function after surgery.
  • Noll DR et al (JAOA, 1999; JAOA, 2000; Altern Ther Health Med, 2004; JAOA 2008 and Osteopath Med Prim Care, 2010) proved through a series of studies that OMT helps treat pneumonia. OMT decreases antibiotic use, length of stay in the hospital, respiratory failure and death. OMT can also alter lung function in COPD.
  • Bockenhauer SE et al (JAOA, 2002) showed improved breathing in asthma patients who received OMT.
  • Guiney PA et al (JAOA, 2005) performed a randomized controlled trial that demonstrated OMT improves breathing in children with asthma.
  • Henderson AT et al (JAOA, 2010) showed that treating ribs with OMT altered intensity of the nervous input to the lungs.
  • Saggio G et al (JAOA, 2011) used OMT to increase IgA levels, potentially helping prevent upper respiratory infections.
  • Zanotti E et al (Complement Ther Med, 2012) used OMT and a pulmonary rehabilitation program to improve exercise capacity and lung function in patients with COPD.

Digestive Health

  • The Journal of the American Osteopathic Association, 2014: 114: 470-479. “Effectiveness of Osteopathic Manipulative Therapy for Managing Symptoms of Irritable Bowel Syndrome: A Systematic Review,” Muller, Axel et al. Demonstrated OMT as a beneficial treatment in patients with IBS
  • Journal of Digestive Diseases, 2013: 14: 654-661. “Treatment of refractory irritable bowel syndrome with visceral osteopathy: Short-term and long-term results of a randomized trial,” Attali, Thu-Van et al. Demonstrated that visceral osteopathy improves short and long term symptoms due to IBS
  • Journal of the American Osteopathic Association, 2014: 114: 129-133. “Osteopathic Manipulative Treatment in the Management of Biliary Dyskinesia,” Heineman, Katherine, et al. Demonstrated osteopathic manipulation as an effective treatment for biliary dyskinesia
  • Jackson KM et al (JAOA, 1998) used OMT lymphatic and splenic pump to show that hepatitis vaccines worked better with OMT.
  • Radjieski JM et al (JAOA, 1998) showed that OMT decreased the time patients with pancreatitis had to stay in the hospital.
  • Crow WT & Gorodinsky L (IJOM, 2009) studied abdominal surgery patients to show that postoperative OMT is associated with less time in the hospital.
  • McSweeney TP et al (J Bodyw Mov Ther, 2012) demonstrated that OMT to the colon can help treat back pain.
  • Baltazar GA et al (JAOA 2013) showed that OMT after gastrointestinal surgery was associated with more rapid return of bowel function and less time in the hospital.
  • da Silva RC et al (Dis Esophagus, 2013) demonstrated that OMT strengthens lower esophageal sphincter function in patients with GERD (improved acid reflux).
  • Attali TV et al (J Dig Dis, 2013) using OMT, improved short-term and long-term abdominal distension, pain and rectal sensitivity in patients with irritable bowel syndrome.

Otitis Media

  • Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine. 2003;157:861-866. “The use of osteopathic manipulative treatment as adjuvant therapy in children with recurrent acute otitis media” Mills MV, Henley CE, Barnes LLB, et al Demonstrated improved hearing, decreased ear infections, and fewer tubes needed in those children receiving Osteopathic Manipulative Treatment
  • The Journal of the American Osteopathic Association, 2014: 114: 436-447. “Effect of Osteopathic Manipulative Treatment on Middle Ear Effusion Following Acute Otitis Media in Young Children: A Pilot Study,” Steele, Karen M. et al. Demonstrated OMT provides faster resolution of middle ear effusion in children with otitis media

Sports, Athletics, and Musculo-skeletal Health

  • The Journal of the American Osteopathic Association, 2013: 113: 882-890. “Preventive Osteopathic Manipulative Treatment and Stress Fracture Incidence Among Collegiate Cross-Country Athletes,” Brumm, Lynn F. et al. Demonstrated the utility of OMT as a preventative measure for stress fracture in athletes
  • Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics, 2013. “Effect of Chiropractic Manipulation on Vertical Jump Height in Young Female Athletes with Talocrural Joint Dysfunction: A Single-Blind Randomized Clinical Pilot Trial,” Hedlund, Sofia et al. Demonstrated link between osteopathic manipulation techniques and improved performance in female athletes
  • Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine, 2013: 33: 130-133. “Fracture healing with osteopathy in traditional Mongolian medicine,” Zhao, Namula et al. Demonstrated utility of OMT in optimizing function of bone and muscle
  • Jarski RW et al (Altern Ther Health Med, 2000) demonstrated that OMT improved walking after knee or hip surgery.
  • Knebl JA et al (JAOA, 2002) used OMT in a randomized controlled trial to improve shoulder function in the elderly.
  • Eisenhart AW et al (JAOA, 2003) showed OMT improves ankle injuries in the ER.
  • Howell JN et al (JAOA, 2006) showed OMT improves Achilles tendinitis.
  • Wynne MM et al (JAOA, 2006) showed OMT improves plantar fasciitis.
  • Alburquerque-Sendín F et al (Man Ther, 2009) showed that OMT improves standing stability.
  • Hidalgo-Lozano A et al (J Bodyw Mov Ther, 2011) treated shoulder pain with trigger point OMT.
  • Moore SD et al (J Orthop Sports Phys Ther, 2011) demonstrated that among collegiate baseball players, OMT lessened shoulder tightness.
  • Brumm LF et al (JAOA, 2013) did a cohort study and showed less stress fractures occurred in cross-country athletes who received OMT.
  • Barnes PL et al (J Bodyw Mov Ther, 2013) used objective measures to detect changes in neck muscle function after OMT.

Head and Nervous System Disease

  • J Altern Complement Med. 2011 Mar;17(3):225-30. doi: 10.1089/acm.2009.0673. Epub 2011 Mar 8. “This study affirms the effects of OMT on migraine headache in regard to decreased pain intensity and the reduction of number of days with migraine as well as working disability, and partly on improvement of headache related quality of life.”
  • The Journal of the American Osteopathic Association, September 2014, Vol. 114, 678-685. doi:10.7556/jaoa.2014.136. “This feasibility study demonstrated the efficacy of OMT in the management of frequent episodic headaches, compared with sham therapy in a control group.”
  • Plotkin BJ et al (JAOA, 2001) did a randomized study, demonstrating lessened depression symptoms of depression after OMT.
  • Mills MV et al (Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med, 2003) did a randomized trial, showing OMT led to fewer and less severe ear infections in children.
  • Goldstein FJ et al (JAOA, 2005) did a randomized controlled trial to show that less pain medicine was necessary after uterus surgery.
  • Hayden C & Mullinger B (Complement Ther Clin Pract, 2006) did a controlled, prospective study to show that OMT improved infantile colic.
  • Anderson RE & Seniscal C (Headache, 2006) showed OMT improved tension-type headaches when combined with relaxation techniques.
  • Monaco A et al (Eur J Paediatr Dent, 2008) suggested that OMT can induce changes in jaw function.
  • Duncan B et al (JAOA, 2008) did a randomized controlled trial, demonstrating that OMT improved function in children with cerebral palsy.
  • Sandhouse ME et al (JAOA, 2010) did a randomized controlled trial, showing OMT benefits visual function.
  • Cuccia AM et al (J Bodyw Mov Ther, 2010) performed a randomized controlled trial, revealing OMT treats jaw disease.
  • Cramer D et al (JAOA, 2010) found that OMT is safe for use in patients with traumatic brain injury.
  • Shi X et al (JAOA, 2011) demonstrated that OMT suppression techniques reduce brain oxygenation.
  • Ajimsha MS (J Bodyw Mov Ther, 2011) showed OMT can treat tension-type headaches.
  • Voigt K et al (J Altern Complement Med, 2011) showed OMT can treat migraine-type headaches.
  • Miana L et al (J Bodyw Mov Ther, 2013) used EEGs to show an increase in alpha absolute power with OMT.

Heart and Blood Vessel Disease

  • Karason AB & Drysdale IP (J Manipulative Physiol Ther, 2003) improved blood flow to the limbs by using OMT.
  • Spiegel AJ et al (Heart Dis, 2003) did a review that showed OMT can help treat high blood pressure.
  • O-Yurvati AH et al (JAOA, 2005) demonstrated that OMT improves cardiac function and perfusion of blood after CABG (heart bypass).
  • Cerritelli F et al (J Bodyw Mov Ther, 2011) showed that OMT improves high blood pressure and can prevent blood vessel thickening.
  • Giles PD et al (J Altern Complement Med, 2013) used OMT to enhance heart rate variability.
  • Hensel KL et al (Complement Ther Med, 2013) showed that OMT can improve hemodynamic control in pregnancy.
  • Noll DR (JAOA, 2013) demonstrated that OMT reduced platelet counts (markers of acute inflammation) in elderly patients.
  • Wieting JM et al (JAOA, 2013) performed a randomized controlled study to show improved functional recovery by using OMT after CABG.

Osteopathic Manipulation Meta Analyses*


Osteopathic manipulative treatment in Prenatal Care


Cerebral Palsy

  • Clinical Pediatrics, May 2004; 349-353 “Parental Perceptions of the Therapeutic Effect from Osteopathic Manipulation or Acupuncture in Children with Spastic Cerebral Palsy,” .Duncan, B. et al. Demonstrated an observed improvement in the vast majority of children

Other Research

  • Journal of the American Osteopathic Association, 2013: 113: 898-907. “Correlates and changes in empathy and attitudes toward interprofessional collaboration in osteopathic medical students,” Calabrese, LH et al. Showed higher empathy scores among osteopathic medical students when compared to allopathic counterparts
  • McPartland JM et al (JAOA, 2005; JAOA 2008 and J Bodyw Mov Ther, 2008) found evidence through blood and cellular analyses that OMT may function in part by altering the levels of endocannabinoids (marijuana-like chemicals) in the body.